The Cross Crosslet
This heraldic cross is made from four Latin Crosses arranged at right-angles to each other, with their tops pointing north, south, east and west1. The Cross Crosslet, like the Jerusalem Cross, is a symbol for world evangelism of the Gospel, which gives an alternative name: Mission Cross.
Another common interpretation is that it represents the four evangelists: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John (see Evangelists' Cross).
Slupca town crest
The combination of the four crosses creates a fifth (central) cross, and it's these five crosses that have been adopted by the town of Slupca in Poland. The oldest known appearance of this crest is on a seal dated 1404, and the reason for choosing the design is lost in history. The town's website www.miasto.slupca.pl speculates that the five crosses symbolize the five churches that existed in the city at that time: The churches of St. Lawrence, St. Mary, St. Leonard & Chapels, St. Cross and St. Spirit.
A further example can be seen further south in Serbia on the late-19th century gravestone shown on the right (Click image to enlarge). This was photographed in a Rudna Glava village in eastern Serbia and may have Vlach influence.
As far as we know there are no detailed cemetery records to indicate whether the deceased had a senior civic or military role, so we don't know if this crosslet is heraldic, religious, or just the whim of the mason or deceased's relatives. If you have information about this, please let us know.
The St. Julian's Cross, one of several Missionary Crosses, is another example of a Cross Crosslet.
The Jerusalem Cross, however, is not a Cross Crosslet, though it is often confused to be.
An example of a fitched Cross Crosslet can be seen in the photo of a Donegal Cross on the right (click the photo to enlarge), with its detail shown adjacent.
Cross Crosslet Crossed
We see a Cross Crosslet Crossed in the centre of the coat of arms used by the Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church.
Above the cross is a descending dove and flanked by two aquilas (eagles), which also feature in the country's coat of arms. These three elements are enclosed in a shield. Above the shield is a crown and flanked by angels.
Other names for the Cross Crosslet include Crossed Cross (Fr: Croisé), Recoursy Cross (Fr: Raccourci) and Recrossed Cross (Fr: Recroisetté). An artistic variation of the Cross Crosslet is the Bottony Cross.
The above hyperlinks explain the meaning associated with each variation of the crosslet. For the meaning of the crosslet itself, see The Four Corners of the Cross by Rev. David Linde.
|1:||See also Cardinal Cross|