& Mascly Cross
Fusilly Cross & Mascly Cross
also known as Lozengy Cross
This cross is typically seen with four or five elongated lozenges, which look like diamonds, arrow heads or perhaps spear heads.
Alternatively, they can represent the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, with Christ in the centre (see also Evangelists' Cross)
- An old French word for 'fuse'. A fuse was used to ignite the gunpowder of a musket and the steel tinderbox was called a fuisil. Flintlock muskets became known as fusils and the soldiers armed with such muskets were called fusiliers.
- Another old French word is fuscan, which means 'spindle'.
Spindle charged with yarn
This latter definition is used for the Fusilly Cross (Fr: Fuselée), and represents four or five spindles loaded with yarn. The original Fusilly Cross is believed to be from the coat of arms used by the Lord of Spindleston near Belford, Durham, in the northeast of England. The hamlet of Spindleston (Spindleton or Spindlestone) was named from the wooden spindles made there.
When a fusil is void, i.e. just the outline, it is called a mascle and the adjective gives us the Mascly Cross.
See also Red Crystal
Spindleston was transferred to Northumberland in 1844